Workshop 3 – “EU, UN and OSCE capabilities in conflict prevention and peacebuilding”

Correspondent: Hylke Dijkstra
Host: Maastricht University
Location: Brussels, Belgium
Date: 18 May 2017


Executive Summary

On 18 May 2017, Maastricht University organised a workshop at its Campus Brussels on EU, UN and OSCE capabilities in conflict prevention and peacebuilding under the title “Implementing the EU Global Strategy: EU civilian crisis management and the integrated approach in perspective”. The aim of the workshop was to bring consortium researchers together with policy-makers and practitioners in Brussels as well as other relevant experts on the topic. During the workshop, DL 4.1 (published in November 2016) was presented and discussed with a view to disseminating its findings to relevant end users in Brussels. A draft version of DL 4.2 was also presented and discussed with the aim of gathering input and feedback in line with EU-CIVCAP’s co-production objectives. Furthermore, a roundtable was organised on the EU’s integrated approach with the intention of gathering insights for DL 4.3, which is due for completion in the second half of the project.

During the first part of the workshop (chaired by Prof. Sophie Vanhoonacker, Maastricht University), Dr. Hylke Dijkstra (also of Maastricht University) presented DL 4.1 and Peter Horne Zartsdahl of Roskilde University presented DL 4.2. Comments were provided by Dame Rosalind Marsden of Chatham House and Prof. Joachim Koops of Vesalius College in Brussels. The first part of the workshop was concluded with a discussion with the audience.

During the second part of the workshop (chaired by Dr. Petar Petrov, Maastricht University), Dr. Nicoletta Pirozzi of IAI in Rome, Bert Versmessen of the EEAS/CPCC, Annick Hiensch of the UN Liaison Office for Peace and Security, and Nabila Habbida of EPLO in Brussels provided insights on the EU’s integrated approach in the context of the implementation of the EU Global Strategy. These introductions were followed by a discussion with the audience.


Full Report

On 18 May 2017, Maastricht University organised a workshop at its Campus Brussels on EU, UN and OSCE capabilities in conflict prevention and peacebuilding under the title “Implementing the EU Global Strategy: EU civilian crisis management and the integrated approach in perspective”. The aim of the workshop was to bring consortium researchers together with policy-makers and practitioners in Brussels as well as other relevant experts on the topic. During the workshop, DL 4.1 (published in November 2016) was presented and discussed with a view to disseminating its findings to relevant end users in Brussels. A draft version of DL 4.2 was also presented and discussed with the aim of gathering input and feedback in line with EU-CIVCAP’s co-production objectives. Furthermore, a roundtable was organised on the EU’s integrated approach with the intention of gathering insights for DL 4.3, which is due for completion in the second half of the project.

Comparing EU, UN and OSCE approaches

During the first part of the workshop (chaired by Prof. Sophie Vanhoonacker, Maastricht University), Dr. Hylke Dijkstra (also of Maastricht University) presented DL 4.1 and Peter Horne Zartsdahl of Roskilde University presented DL 4.2. Comments were provided by Dame Rosalind Marsden of Chatham House and Prof. Joachim Koops of Vesalius College in Brussels. The first part of the workshop was concluded with a discussion with the audience.

Dr. Hylke Dijkstra noted that DL 4.1 is the first report published by EU-CIVCAP. The purpose of DL 4.1 is to ascertain how the EU and other international organisations, primarily the UN and the OSCE, deploy civilian capabilities. The purpose of this is to consider best practices in the UN and the OSCE, to the benefit of EU deployments. After providing a general overview of the workings of the EU, the UN and the OSCE in civilian conflict prevention, crisis management and peacebuilding, Dr. Hylke Dijkstra presented the main policy recommendations from DL 4.1.

Peter Horne Zartsdahl presented the draft report DL 4.2, which remains a work in progress. He noted that different international organisations add complementary value and that they can rely on each other in terms of the overall contribution of the international community. The unique point of the report is that it analyses interactions between the different international organisations on the ground in the case studies of Kosovo, Mali and Armenia. He also presented the report’s draft policy recommendations.

Dame Rosalind Marsden commended the usefulness of both reports and their intention to identify what the EU can learn from other international organisations in this area. In so doing, she provided insights from her own experience as the EU Special Representative for Sudan and South Sudan, the UK’s Ambassador to Afghanistan as well as her role as the Head of the UN Department at the UK’s Foreign and Commonwealth Office.

Prof. Joachim Koops highlighted the importance of both reports in aiding understanding about how international organisations operate and interact with one another. He gave insights on how the literature on inter-organisational relations can provide further ways of understanding interactions between international organisations. He also stressed the important role of the EU’s member states and the overlapping membership of various international organisations.

After these presentations, the discussion with the audience focused on how the EU deals with risks, the possibility of developing standing capacities as suggested by the 18 May 2017 Foreign Affairs Council conclusions, and the importance of linkages between conflict prevention, crisis management and peacebuilding.

Roundtable: integrated approach

During the second part of the workshop (chaired by Dr. Petar Petrov, Maastricht University), Dr. Nicoletta Pirozzi of IAI in Rome, Bert Versmessen of the EEAS/CPCC, Annick Hiensch of the UN Liaison Office for Peace and Security, and Nabila Habbida of EPLO in Brussels provided insights on the EU’s integrated approach in the context of the implementation of the EU Global Strategy. These introductions were followed by a discussion with the audience.

Dr. Nicoletta Pirozzi introduced the work that CEPS, EPLO and IAI have completed so far on the integrated approach in the context of DL 4.3. She discussed the development of the EU’s comprehensive approach, and its evolution into the EU’s integrated approach, and highlighted some conceptual distinctions and challenges.

Bert Versmessen shared his assessment of the potential of the EU’s comprehensive approach with the audience, drawing upon his previous experience working on the 2013 Joint Communication and his current position as the Deputy Civilian Operations Commander in the EEAS/CPCC. His view is that, while it has taken some time, the comprehensive approach is starting to yield concrete results, including through the co-location of CSDP and Community actions.

Annick Hiensch provided a perspective on how the UN organises its integrated approach and how the EU can contribute to the UN’s approach. She pointed at the major developments going on with respect to UN restructuring in light of the implementation of the 2015 High-level Independent Panel on Peace Operations (HIPPO) report, the appointment of the new Secretary-General, and the immediate funding challenges for the UN.

Nabila Habbida noted that EPLO represents civil society organisations on peacebuilding and that she therefore presents a civil society perspective. She stressed the need for approaches to peacebuilding to take account of local conflict sensitivities and local needs, and the importance of human resources, as well as selecting the appropriate political leadership.

The discussion with the audience focused on areas for improvement in EU-UN cooperation, the challenge of addressing the junction between internal and external security, and possible areas of tension in the migration-security nexus.

 


Related Deliverable

dl_4-1DL 4.1: Reacting to Conflict: Civilian Capabilities in the EU, UN and OSCE

Authors: Dijkstra, H., P. Petrov and E. Mahr
Institution: Maastricht University

Published: 2 November 2016

[PDF, ~1.6MB; click to access]

 

 


People Involved

Hylke Dijkstra

Hylke Dijkstra is an Assistant Professor (with tenure) at the Department of Political Science.

Nabila Habbida

Nabila Habbida joined EPLO in June 2013 to support EPLO’s analysis and advocacy towards EU Member States on EU policy and thematic issues related to peacebuilding and conflict prevention.

Nicoletta Pirozzi

Nicoletta Pirozzi is Senior Fellow in the European Affairs area of IAI in Rome and Adjunct Professor at “Roma Tre” University.

Petar Petrov

Petar Petrov is an Assistant Professor (with tenure) at the Department of Political Science, Maastricht University.

Peter Horne Zartsdahl

Peter Horne Zartsdahl is a PhD Candidate at Roskilde University, where his research focuses on the comparative study of civil-military synergies in EU’s missions on the Balkans and Horn of Africa.

Rosalind Marsden

Dame Rosalind Marsden is an Associate Fellow of Chatham House (UK). She was previously the EU Special Representative for Sudan and South Sudan from September 2010 until October 2013.

Sophie Vanhoonacker

Sophie Vanhoonacker is Professor of Administrative Governance at the Department of Political Science, Maastricht University.

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