New Wars and hybrid threats are complex and multidimensional. In response to this complexity, the European Union and the international community at large have faced persistent challenges in aligning civilian and military instruments for coherent responses. And a key stepping stone for wider coherence has been the pursuit of civil-military synergies.
Deliverable 6.3 identifies lessons to be learned from a range of peacebuilding initiatives in Burma/Myanmar, Cambodia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia and Somalia/Somaliland. These form the basis of a series of best practice recommendations on how to maximise the potential impact of localisation policies to foster long-term sustainable peace.
Deliverable 6.2 focuses particularly on coordination and coherence between international actors and local actors in the context of the implementation of local capacity building programmes in the Western Balkans and the Horn of Africa. While problems related to a lack of coherence have impinged upon the efforts of every international organisation and country involved in capacity building, in the case of large international organisations like the EU, internal coherence represents a specific challenge.
Several weeks now after the October 2018 elections in Bosnia and Herzegovina, the state finds itself in the throes of renewed controversy over the three constituent peoples’ respective control of political institutions.
The EU Global Strategy has created significant momentum to improve the civilian capabilities for conflict prevention, crisis management and peacebuilding. Much more progress is needed, however, in light of ongoing discussions about a Civilian Compact.
International development as a sector has been undergoing increased scrutiny: from financial audits to more gender-sensitive approaches, governments and international organisations have invested heavily in improving their ethical standards, transparency procedures, duty of care and due diligence, yet donor coordination is still lacking.